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MAJESTIC TOWERS AND BATTLEMENTS OF ALNWICK, THE NORTHUMBERLAND HOME OF THE PERCYS

MAJESTIC TOWERS AND BATTLEMENTS OF ALNWICK, THE NORTHUMBERLAND HOME OF THE PERCYS

Here is an excellent example for our purpose of illustrating the transition from the Norman castle of simple motte-and-bailey type. It was probably Ivo de Vesci who piled up the motte and dug the ditch—parts of which are still there—and this happened in the early twelfth century. The buildings were extended in the same century, but the great changes came with the advent of the Percys in 1309. Flanking towers were added to the outer wall, a barbican was built to defend the castle gate, and the old shell-keep on the motte replaced by living quarters. In 1750 the castle had been ruinous for 200 years, and an unfortunate " restoration " was carried out by the first Duke of Northumberland. There was another restoration in 1865.

Other pictures from In Keep and Donjon: the Medieval Castle


BOLTON, A PRISON OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS: LUMLEY CASTLE

WALLS OF GOOD RED BRICK AT HURSTMONCEAUX ON THE PEVENSEY MARSHES

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