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MARKET CROSSES AT WITNEY AND SALISBURY, SURVIVALS OF A MEDIEVAL IDEA

MARKET CROSSES AT WITNEY AND SALISBURY, SURVIVALS OF A MEDIEVAL IDEA

In the Middle Ages in England crosses were commonly set up in market-places, for it was thought good to put even trading under the protection of heaven. Hence the words "cross" and "market" became virtually synonymous. At Witney, in Oxfordshire (left), there is a Butter Cross, that is a cross in a butter market, put up in 1683, and doubtless the successor of an earlier one. The inhabitants have been careful of it, as an inscription on the clock turret records. It was repaired in 1860; in 1889 it was restored and a new clock put up, and another restoration took place in 1894. Salisbury's Poultry Cross (right) stands in a little space apart from the main great market-place.

Other pictures from Some Famous Old Crosses


GRAND OLD MARKET CROSSES OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY AT CHICHESTER AND MALMESBURY

CROSS WHICH BRISTOL LOST

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