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Some Early Norman Castles page 2


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The "Juliet," like the square keep, is again an importation from France, where it makes its first appearance at Chateau-sur-Epte in 1097, and attains its grandest stature in the peerless tower at Coucy (which dated from about 1200, and was some 200 feet high), destroyed by Germans in the War. The first hint of its presence in England is apparently at Orford (? 1166-72); but this, though circular internally, is a polygon outside. The next in date, perhaps, is the superb cylinder at Conisborough, which was probably built by Hamelin Plantagenet prior to 1200. This is a perfect circle, about eighty feet high; but its new defensive properties must have been very sadly handicapped by the six huge projecting buttresses that surround it from top to toe. This last weakness is eliminated in the grand circular keep at Pembroke (c. 1200), rising sheer and unsupported to a height of seventy-five feet.

South Wales, in fact, is the region where the "Juliet" most abounds; and small examples occur at Tretower-oddly raised within the enclosure of an unfinished, or abandoned, rectangular keep - Bronllys, Morlaix, Penrice and Tenby.

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Pictures for Some Early Norman Castles page 2

APPLEBY'S GRIM NORMAN KEEP
APPLEBY'S GRIM NORMAN KEEP >>>>
CARISBROOKE, THE OLD DEFENCE OF THE ISLE OF WIGHT, AND CASTLE RISING'S NORMAN KEEP
CARISBROOKE, THE OLD DEFENCE OF THE ISLE OF WIGHT, AND CASTLE RISING'S NORMAN KEEP >>>>
COLCHESTER, ENGLAND'S LARGEST NORMAN KEEP, NOW USED AS A MUSEUM OF ESSEX ANTIQUITIES
COLCHESTER, ENGLAND'S LARGEST NORMAN KEEP, NOW USED AS A MUSEUM OF ESSEX ANTIQUITIES >>>>
CHEPSTOW, THAT HELD THE PASSAGE OF THE SEVERN, AND THE CASTLE OF 'PEVERIL OF THE PEAK'
CHEPSTOW, THAT HELD THE PASSAGE OF THE SEVERN, AND THE CASTLE OF 'PEVERIL OF THE PEAK' >>>>
IMPREGNABLE CORFE AND THE LITTLE TOWN IT SHELTERED
IMPREGNABLE CORFE AND THE LITTLE TOWN IT SHELTERED >>>>
OLD-TIME PROTECTORS OF THE SCOTTISH BORDER AND THE ENGLISH CHANNEL
OLD-TIME PROTECTORS OF THE SCOTTISH BORDER AND THE ENGLISH CHANNEL >>>>
BROKEN BASTIONS OF HASTINGS CASTLE THAT STILL LOOK DOWN UPON THE ENGLISH CHANNEL
BROKEN BASTIONS OF HASTINGS CASTLE THAT STILL LOOK DOWN UPON THE ENGLISH CHANNEL >>>>
BEAUTIFUL KENILWORTH WANTONLY RUINED BY THE ROUNDHEAD OFFICIALS
BEAUTIFUL KENILWORTH WANTONLY RUINED BY THE ROUNDHEAD OFFICIALS >>>>
GREY GATEWAY OF LEWES CASTLE
GREY GATEWAY OF LEWES CASTLE >>>>
LUDLOW, STRONGHOLD OF THE LORDS PRESIDENT OF THE MARCHES
LUDLOW, STRONGHOLD OF THE LORDS PRESIDENT OF THE MARCHES >>>>
RICHMOND'S IMPREGNABLE WALLS RISE OUT OF SHEER ROCK ABOVE THE RUSHING SWALE
RICHMOND'S IMPREGNABLE WALLS RISE OUT OF SHEER ROCK ABOVE THE RUSHING SWALE >>>>
NEWARK CASTLE AND NORMAN WALLS ON ROMAN CAMPS AT PEVENSEY AND PORCHESTER
NEWARK CASTLE AND NORMAN WALLS ON ROMAN CAMPS AT PEVENSEY AND PORCHESTER >>>>

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